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Subsidies on large civil aircraft

Key Facts
Short Title: US — Large Civil Aircraft
Respondent: United States
Third Parties: Brazil; Canada; Japan; Korea; Australia;
Complaintant(s): European Communities;
Dispute Number: DS317
Link to Dispute Site: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds317_e.htm
Dispute Status: Concluded

On October 6, 2004, the EU requested consultations with respect to “prohibited and actionable subsidies provided to U.S. producers of large civil aircraft.”  The EU alleged that such subsidies violated several provisions of the SCM Agreement, as well as Article III:4 of the GATT.  Consultations were held on November 5, 2004.  On January 11, 2005, the United States and the EU agreed to a framework for the negotiation of a new agreement to end subsidies for large civil aircraft.  The parties set a three month timeframe for the negotiations and agreed that, during negotiations, they would not request panel proceedings.  These discussions did not produce an agreement.  On May 31, 2005, the EU requested the establishment of a panel to consider its claims.  The EU filed a second request for consultations regarding large civil aircraft subsidies on June 27, 2005.  This request covered many of the measures covered in the initial consultations, as well as many additional measures that were not covered. 

A panel was established with regard to the October claims on July 20, 2005.  On October 17, 2005, the Deputy Director-General established the panel as follows: Ms. Marta Lucía Ramírez de Rincón, Chair; and Ms. Gloria Pea and Mr. David Unterhalter, Members.  Since that time, Ms. Ramirez and Mr. Unterhalter resigned from the panel.  They have not been replaced.

The EU requested establishment of a panel with regard to its second panel request on January 20, 2006.  That panel was established on February 17, 2006.  On December 8, 2006, the WTO issued notices changing the designation of this panel to DS353.  The summary below of United States–Subsidies on large civil aircraft (Second Complaint) (DS353) discusses developments with regard to this panel.