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Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

USTR's Office of Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) is responsible for negotiating environment chapters in all bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). These chapters include obligations on effective enforcement of laws, non-derogation of environmental protections in encouraging increased trade or investment, domestic procedural protections, and promotion of public participation in environmental matters.

The office works closely with the State Department in negotiating and implementing environmental cooperation mechanisms associated with FTAs. Our office anticipates an increasing enforcement role with respect to FTA environment chapters, particularly with respect to implementation of a forest annex to the Peru chapter.

The office has also pursued bilateral initiatives to address illegal logging and associated trade, and has the lead responsibility for implementing agreements with Indonesia and China on illegal logging and trade.

The office works closely with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other agencies on activities under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation and has the lead responsibility for the trade and environment program under the North American Commission on Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The office also has the lead responsibility for the International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTO) and the International Coffee Agreement (ICO).

The Administration is seeking a TPP environment chapter that will facilitate increased regional trade while supporting and enhancing environmental protection and conservation efforts in the Asia-Pacific region. The United States is pressing for ambitious core commitments as part of a robust TPP environment chapter, including with respect to establishing high levels of environmental protection, the effective enforcement of environmental laws, and public participation. Additionally, the United States has proposed commitments to address trade and conservation challenges, such as illegal trade in wildlife and marine fisheries issues.  For more information regarding these proposals, please see the green paper and speech

Free Trade Agreements and the Environment
Australia Free Trade Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Interim ReviewFinal Review
Bahrain Free Trade Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Interim ReviewFinal Review
CAFTA-DR
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:
Environmental Cooperation Agreement
Interim ReviewFinal Review
Chile FTA
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Final Environmental Review 
Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Interim Andean TPAFinal Colombia TPA
Public Submission Mechanism  
Jordan Free Trade Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmenal Review:Final Environmental Review 
Korea
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Morocco Free Trade Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Interim ReviewFinal Review
North America
North American Free Trade Agreement  
North American Agreement on
Environmental Cooperation
Agreement TextCommission for Environmental
Cooperation
Oman Free Trade Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Interim ReviewFinal Review
Panama Trade Promotion Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Reviews:Interim ReviewFinal Review
Peru Trade Promotion Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement TextInformation on Implementation of the Environment Chapter
Environmental Cooperation AgreementInformation at state.gov 
Environmental Reviews:Interim Andean TPAFinal Review
Singapore Free Trade Agreement
Environment ChapterAgreement Text 
Environmental Review:Final Review