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Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

USTR’s Office of Labor Affairs negotiates labor provisions in bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). These provisions differ in detail across the various FTAs, but generally include commitments to respect fundamental labor rights, to effectively enforce labor laws, to provide domestic procedural guarantees, and to promote public awareness of labor laws, and establish consultation and dispute settlement mechanisms.

Free Trade Agreements and Labor

Quick Links:

Australia — Bahrain – CAFTA-DR (Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador,

Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua) – Chile – Colombia – Jordan – Republic of Korea

NAFTA (Canada, Mexico) – Morocco – Oman – Panama – Peru – Singapore


Australia Free Trade Agreement

Labor Chapter 

Full Agreement 

Congressional Reports (2004)

Labor Rights Report

Child Labor Report

Employment Impact Review


Bahrain Free Trade Agreement

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2005)

Labor Rights Report

 Child Labor Report

 Employment Impact Review

Labor Subcommittee Meeting (2010)

Bahrain Public Submission (2011): In April 2011, the Department of Labor (DOL) received a submission from the AFL-CIO with a statement from the General Federation of Bahrain Trade Unions alleging that Bahrain had violated its commitments under the Labor Chapter of the Bahrain – United States Free Trade Agreement regarding the right of association, particularly non-discrimination against trade unionists. More…


Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2005)

            Labor Rights Report

            Child Labor Report

            Employment Impact Review

Fact Sheet on Labor Capacity Building (2011)

Guatemala Public Submission (2008): The AFL-CIO and Guatemalan labor unions first filed a labor complaint under the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement in 2008. On July 30, 2010, the United States requested consultations with Guatemala under article 16.6.1 of the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), for apparent violations of obligations on labor rights. More…

Dominican Republic Public Submission (2011): Father Christopher Hartley from Fundación Misión de la Misericordia in Madrid filed a labor complaint under the Dominican Republic- Central America Free Trade Agreement in 2011. More…

Honduras Public Submission (2012): The AFL-CIO filed a labor complaint under the Dominican Republic- Central America Free Trade Agreement in 2012. More…


Chile Free Trade Agreement

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2003)

            Labor Rights Report

            Child Labor Report

            Employment Impact Review


Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports

Labor Rights Report (2011)

Labor Rights Report (2008)

Child Labor Report (2011)

Child Labor Report (2008)

Employment Impact Review (2011)

Employment Impact Review (2008)

Colombia Labor Action Plan: The U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement includes strong protections for workers’ rights, based on the May 10, 2007, bipartisan Congressional-Executive agreement to incorporate high labor standards into America’s trade agreements. In addition, President Obama insisted that a number of serious and immediate labor concerns be addressed before he would be willing to send the Agreement to Congress. More…

Labor Affairs Council (2013)


Jordan Free Trade Agreement

Labor Article

Full Agreement

Labor Subcommittee Meeting (2009)

Labor Implementation Plan (2013): The United States and the Kingdom of Jordan concluded an Implementation Plan Related to Working and Living Conditions in January 2013. The Implementation Plan reaffirms Jordan’s commitment to protect internationally recognized labor rights and effectively enforce its labor laws. More…


Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS)

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2011)

Labor Rights Report

Child Labor Report

Employment Impact Review

Labor Affairs Council (2013)


North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC)

About the NAALC

NAFTA Full Text

Secretariat of the Commission for Labor Cooperation

Status of Public Submissions


Oman Free Trade Agreement

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2006)

Labor Rights Report

Child Labor Report

Employment Impact Review

Fact Sheet on Oman’s Labor Reforms (2006)

Status of Oman Labor Law Commitments (2006): The Government of Oman made several commitments to the United States to enact additional labor law reforms by October 31, 2006. On July 9, 2006, Oman issued a Royal Decree covering many of the commitments it made. More…


Panama Trade Promotion Agreement

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2011)

Labor Rights Report

Child Labor Report

Employment Impact Review

Fact Sheet on Labor Rights (2012)

Labor Affairs Council (2014)


Peru Trade Promotion Agreement

Labor Chapter

Full Agreement

Congressional Reports (2007)

Labor Rights Report

Child Labor Report

Employment Impact Review

Fact Sheet on Labor Rights (2005)

Labor Affairs Council Meeting (2010)


Singapore Free Trade Agreement

Labor Chapter

Agreement Text

Congressional Reports (2003)

Labor Rights Report

Child Labor Report

Employment Impact Review