Skip to Content

Ethiopia

Ethiopia Flag

AGOA Status: Ethiopia is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S. and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which includes Ethiopia, signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in 2001.

U.S.-Ethiopia Trade Facts

Ethiopia is currently our 101st largest goods trading partner with $872 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2013. Goods exports totaled $678 million; Goods imports totaled $194 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $485 million.

Exports

Ethiopia was the United States' 92nd largest goods export market in 2013.

U.S. goods exports to Ethiopia in 2013 were $678 million, down 46.8% ($597 million) from 2012.

The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2013 were:  Aircraft ($508 million), Machinery ($33 million), Cereals (wheat) ($32 million), Special Other (repaired products, donated articles, low valued shipments) ($26 million), and Optic and Medical Instruments ($15 million).

U.S. agricultural exports to Ethiopia in 2013 were $57 million. Leading categories include: wheat ($31 million), vegetable oils (excluding soybean) ($6 million), and dairy products ($6 million).

Imports

Ethiopia was the United States' 111th largest supplier of goods imports in 2013.

U.S. goods imports from Ethiopia totaled $194 million in 2013, a 5.7% increase ($10 million) from 2012.

The five largest import categories in 2013 were: Spices, Coffee and Tea (coffee) ($80 million), Special Other (returns) ($52 million), Miscellaneous Grain, Seed, and Fruit (nigerseeds) ($22 million), Footwear ($19 million), and Knit Apparel ($8 million).

U.S. imports of agricultural products from Ethiopia totaled $107 million in 2013.  Leading category include: coffee (unroasted) ($80 million).

Trade Balance

The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $485 million in 2013, a 55.6% decrease ($607 million) from 2012.

Investment

U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Ethiopia (stock) was $11 million in 2012 (latest data available), a 22.2% increase from 2011.

There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia FDI in the United States (stock) was not available in 2012.


*NOTE: No services trade data with Ethiopia is available.

4/17/14