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U.S.-India Bilateral Trade and Investment

U.S. goods and private services trade with India totaled $93 billion in 2012 (latest data available). Exports totaled $34 billion; Imports totaled $59 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade deficit with India was $25 billion in 2012.

India is currently our 11th largest goods trading partner with $63.7 billion in total (two ways) goods trade during 2013. Goods exports totaled $21.9 billion; Goods imports totaled $41.8 billion. The U.S. goods trade deficit with India was $20.0 billion in 2013.

Trade in private services with India (exports and imports) totaled $30 billion in 2012 (latest data available). Services exports were $12 billion; Services imports were $19 billion. The U.S. services trade deficit with India was $7 billion in 2012.

Exports

India was the United States' 18th largest goods export market in 2013.

U.S. goods exports to India in 2013 were $21.9 billion, down 1.0% ($230 million) from 2012, but up 339% from 2003. U.S. exports to India account for 1.4% of overall U.S. exports in 2013.

The top exports categories (2-digit HS) in 2013 were: Precious Stones (diamonds and gold) ($5.8 billion), Aircraft ($3.0 billion), Machinery ($2.3 billion), Electrical Machinery ($1.3 billion), and Optic and Medical Instruments ($1.3 billion).

U.S. exports of agricultural products to India totaled $863 million in 2013. Leading categories include: tree nuts ($369 million), pulses ($103 million), cotton ($90 million), and fresh fruit ($82 million). 

U.S. exports of private commercial services* (i.e., excluding military and government) to India were $11.9 billion in 2012 (latest data available), 6.1% ($690 million) more than 2011, and 269% greater than 2002 level. Other private services (education and business, professional and technical services), and travel categories accounted for most of the U.S. services exports to India.

Imports

India was the United States' 10th largest supplier of goods imports in 2013.

U.S. goods imports from India totaled $41.8 billion in 2013, up 3.2% ($1.3 billion) from 2012, and up 220% from 2003. U.S. imports from India account for 1.8% of overall U.S. imports in 2013.

The five largest import categories in 2013 were: Precious Stones (diamonds) ($9.2 billion), Pharmaceutical Products ($4.5 billion), Mineral Fuel (oil) ($3.9 billion), Organic Chemicals ($2.2 billion), and Miscellaneous Textile Articles ($2.1 billion).

U.S. imports of agricultural products from India totaled $3.5 billion in 2013, the 5th largest supplier of Ag imports. Leading categories include: tree nuts ($286 million), spices ($231 million, essential oils ($177 million), rice ($167 million), and vegetable oils ($93 million).

U.S. imports of private commercial services* (i.e., excluding military and government) were $18.5 billion in 2012 (latest data available), up 6.1% ($1.1 billion) from 2011, and up 930% from 2002. The other private services (business, professional and technical services), and the travel categories accounted for nearly all of U.S. services imports from India.

Trade Balance

The U.S. goods trade deficit with India was $20.0 billion in 2013, a 8.4% increase ($1.5 billion) over 2012. The U.S. goods trade deficit with India accounted for 2.9% of the overall U.S. goods trade deficit in 2013.

The United States has a services trade deficit of $6.6 billion with India in 2012 (latest data available), up 6.1% from 2011.

Historical Trade Data

U.S. Goods Trade with India (in billions of dollars)

 

 

 

1980

 

1985

 

1990

 

1994

 

2000

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011

 

2012

 

2013

 

Balance

 

0.6

 

-0.7

 

-0.7

 

-3.0

 

 -7.0

 

 -8.0

 

-4.7

 

-10.3

 

-14.5

 

-18.4

 

-20.0

 

Exports

 

1.7

 

1.6

 

2.5

 

2.3

 

3.7

 

17.7

 

16.4

 

19.3

 

21.6

 

22.1

 

21.9

 

Imports

 

1.1

 

2.3

 

3.2

 

5.3

 

10.7

 

25.7

 

21.2

 

29.5

 

36.2

 

40.5

 

41.8

 

U.S. Services Trade with India (in billions of dollars) 1994, 2000, 2005-2012

 

 

 

1994

 

2000

 

2002

 

2007

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011

 

2012

 

Balance

 

0.5

 

0.7

 

1.4

 

-1.1

 

-2.3

 

-2.5

 

-4.2

 

-6.2

 

-6.6

 

Exports

 

1.2

 

2.6

 

3.2

 

8.8

 

10.2

 

10.0

 

10.4

 

11.2

 

11.9

 

Imports

 

0.8

 

1.9

 

1.8

 

9.8

 

12.5

 

12.5

 

14.6

 

17.5

 

18.5

Investment

U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in India was $28.4 billion in 2012 (latest data available), a 15.3% increase from 2011.

U.S. direct investment in India is led by professional, scientific, technical services, manufacturing finance/insurance, and the information sectors.

India FDI in the United States (stock) was $5.2 billion in 2012 (latest data available), up 6.7% from 2011.

India direct investment in the U.S. is primarily concentrated in the professional, scientific, and technical services, and banking sectors.

Sales of services in India by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $16.4 billion in 2011 (latest data available), while sales of services in the United States by majority India-owned firms were $9.3 billion.


*NOTE: Refers to private services trade not including U.S. military sales, direct defense expenditures, and other miscellaneous U.S. government services. 2/11/14