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December 20, 2013

AUSTR for Environment and Natural Resources Jennifer Prescott Participates in Inaugural Environment Meetings with Colombian Government

 

April 15, 2012
Exchange of Letters related to Constitutional Court Review of Certain IPR Treaties



April 15, 2012
Exchange of Letters related to Control Measures on Avian Influenza



April 15, 2012
Exchange of Letters related to Control Measures on Salmonella in Poultry and Poultry Products



April 15, 2012
Exchange of Letters related to Phytosanitary Measures for Paddy Rice

 

October 21, 2011:
Statement By U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk On Presidential Signature Of Trade Legislation

 

October 13, 2011
Statements Regarding the Congressional Approval of the Korea, Colombia, and Panama Trade Agreements

 

From Enactment To Entry Into Force: Next Steps On The Trade Agreements

 

October 12, 2011:
Statement By U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk On Congressional Passage Of Trade Agreements, Trade Adjustment Assistance And Key Preference Programs

 

October 3, 2011
U.S Trade Representative Ron Kirk Calls for Swift Passage of Trade Agreements

 

  • The United States – Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement: Implementing Legislation and Supporting Documentation

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  • Statements Regarding the President’s Submission to Congress of the South Korea, Colombia, and Panama Trade Agreements

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  • The Pending Trade Agreements: More American Jobs, Faster Economic Recovery Through Exports

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    June 13, 2011
    Colombia Meets June 15th Milestones Under Action Plan on Labor Rights

     

    April 7, 2011
    Release of the Colombian Action Plan Related to Labor Rights

     

    April 6, 2011
    U.S.-Colombia Trade Agreement and Action Plan FACT SHEET: Trade & the U.S.-Colombia Partnership

    Important U.S.-Colombia Links


    Port of MiamiBenefits for Your Industry: USTR Fact Sheets

    Colombia’s economy is the third largest in Central and South America. This comprehensive trade agreement will eliminate tariffs and other barriers to U.S. exports, promote economic growth, and expand trade between our two countries. U.S. goods exports to Colombia in 2010 were $12.0 billion. Visit USTR's Fact Sheet page to find out how the agreement will specifically benefit your sector.

     

     

     

    Tractor in a fieldBenefits for Your Farm: Agriculture Fact Sheets

    Colombia is an important market for America’s farmers and ranchers. In 2010, the United States exported $832 million of agricultural products to Colombia, the second highest export total in South America. Top U.S. exports include wheat, corn, cotton, soybeans, and corn gluten feed. Visit the Department of Agriculture's website to find out how the agreement will benefit your sector.

     

    Manufacturing PlantBenefits for Your Sector: Industry Fact Sheets: Benefits for Your Sector

    Over 80 percent of U.S. exports of consumer and industrial products to Colombia will become duty free immediately, with remaining tariffs phased out over 10 years. With average tariffs on U.S. industrial exports ranging from 7.4 to 14.6 percent, this will substantially increase U.S. exports. Visit the Department of Commerce's website to find out how the agreement will benefit your sector.  

     

    AgreementFull Text of the Agreement

    Read the full text of the U.S.-Colombia trade agreement, which is an integral part of the President’s efforts to increase opportunities for U.S. businesses, farmers and workers through improved access for their products and services in foreign markets, and supports the President’s National Export Initiative goal of doubling of U.S. exports in 5 years. The full text of the U.S.-Colombia trade agreement is also available in Spanish.

     

    Reports

    Advisory Committee Reports

    The advisory committee system, established by the U.S. Congress in 1974, was created to ensure that U.S. trade policy and trade negotiating objectives adequately reflect U.S. public and private sector interests. Read reports from the advisory committees regarding the U.S.-Colombia trade agreement.

     

    ITC SealInternational Trade Commission Report

    Section 2104(f)(2) of the Trade Act requires that the International Trade Commission (ITC) prepare a report assessing the likely effects of the U.S.-Colombia TPA on the U.S. economy as a whole and on specific industry sectors, and section 2104(f)(3) requires that the Commission, in preparing its assessment, review available economic assessments regarding the agreement. Read the full ITC report.

    Support for the U.S.-Colombia Trade Agreement

    Statements of support for the U.S.-Colombia Trade Agreement from various elected officials, the business community, and advocacy groups can be found below.

     

    Visit Your Government Trade Partners

    Visit USTR's partners across the federal government to learn more about their part in the trade agreement.

    Department of Agriculture Seal     Department of Agriculture

    Commerce Seal     Commerce Department

    Labor Department Seal     Department of Labor

    OMB Seal     Office of Management and Budget

    Export Import Bank Seal      Export-Import Bank

    SBA Seal      Small Business Administration

    OPIC Seal      Overseas Private Investment Corp.

    USTDA Seal      Trade and Development Agency

    State Department Seal      State Department

    Overview of the U.S.-Colombia Trade Agreement

    Trade Agreement Home  •  Key Facts  •  Labor Action Plan  •  Your Community

    Approval of the U.S.–Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA) will support more American jobs, increase U.S. exports, and enhance U.S. competitiveness:

    • Colombia’s economy is the third largest in Central and South America. This comprehensive trade agreement will eliminate tariffs and other barriers to U.S. exports, expand trade between our two countries and promote economic growth for both.

    • The International Trade Commission (ITC) has estimated that the tariff reductions in the Agreement will expand exports of U.S. goods alone by more than $1.1 billion, supporting thousands of additional American jobs. The ITC also projected that the Agreement will increase U.S. GDP by $2.5 billion.

    • The Agreement will provide significant new access to Colombia’s $166 billion services market, supporting increased opportunities for U.S. service providers.

    • U.S. goods exports to Colombia in 2010 were $12.0 billion. Our economies are largely complementary in terms of the goods we ship each other. For example, Colombia is a large importer of grains from the United States while it exports a number of tropical fruits to our country. In addition, U.S. cotton, yarn and fabric exports to Colombia are used in many apparel items that Colombia exports to the United States.

    The Agreement will remove significant barriers to U.S. goods from entering Colombia’s market:

    • Over 80 percent of U.S. exports of consumer and industrial products to Colombia will become duty free immediately, with remaining tariffs phased out over 10 years. With average tariffs on U.S. industrial exports ranging from 7.4 to 14.6 percent, this will substantially increase U.S. exports.

    • Key U.S. exports will gain immediate duty-free access to Colombia, including almost all products in these sectors: agriculture and construction equipment, aircraft and parts, auto parts, fertilizers and agro-chemicals, information technology equipment, medical and scientific equipment, and wood.

    • Many agricultural commodities also will benefit from the Agreement, as more than half of current U.S. farm exports to Colombia will become duty-free immediately, and virtually all remaining tariffs will be eliminated within 15 years. Colombia will immediately eliminate duties on wheat, barley, soybeans, soybean meal and flour, high-quality beef, bacon, almost all fruit and vegetable products, wheat, peanuts, whey, cotton, and the vast majority of processed products. The Agreement also provides duty free tariff rate quotas (TRQ) on standard beef, chicken leg quarters, dairy products, corn, sorghum, animal feeds, rice, and soybean oil.

    The Agreement is crucial to maintaining the U.S. share of this important market:

    • Colombia implemented a trade accord with Mercosur (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay) in 2009 and with Canada in August 2011. It will soon implement one with the European Union. Colombia expects to concude a free trade agreement with South Korea by the end of 2011 and to begin steps toward negotiating an economic partnership agreement with Japan.

    • If Colombia’s trade accords with other countries are implemented before the U.S.-Colombia TPA comes into effect, U.S. exporters would face an average tariff of over 9 percent while many products from these other countries will enter Colombia duty free. This would leave U.S. products at a competitive disadvantage in relation to products of many of Colombia’s other trading partners.

    Other benefits of the Agreement include:

    SatteliteExpanded Access to Services Markets: Colombia will accord substantial market access across its entire services sector. Colombia agreed to eliminate measures that prevented U.S. firms from hiring U.S. professionals, and to phase-out market restrictions in cable television. Colombia also agreed to provide improved access for U.S. suppliers of portfolio management services.

    New Opportunities for Agriculture: Colombia is an important market for America’s farmers and ranchers. In 2010, the United States exported $832 million of agricultural products to Colombia, the second highest export total in South America. Top U.S. exports include wheat, corn, cotton, soybeans, and corn gluten feed.  The U.S.-Colombia trade agreements will immediately eliminate duties on almost 70 percent of U.S. farm exports including wheat, barley, soybeans, soybean meal and flour, high-quality beef, bacon, almost all fruit and vegetable products, peanuts, whey, cotton, and the vast majority of processed products.

    Greater Protection for Intellectual Property Rights: The Agreement provides for improved standards for the protection and enforcement of a broad range of intellectual property rights, consistent with U.S. and emerging international standards of protection and enforcement. Such improvements include requirements for IPR protections that are critical to protecting copyrighted works like music, movies, and software from piracy in the digital environment; requirements for strong, deterrent criminal penalties against copyright piracy and trademark counterfeiting; requirements for robust patent and test data protection that respects the Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health; and state-of-the-art protection for U.S. trademarks.

    Hard hat and gloves

    Commitments to Protect Labor Rights:

    In the underlying agreement, both parties commit to adopt and maintain in their laws and practice the five fundamental labor rights, as stated in the 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Labor obligations are subject to the same dispute settlement and enforcement mechanisms as commercial obligations. In addition, Colombia has now met the numerous milestones slated for completion to date, under an agreed Colombian Action Plan Related to Labor Rights. These address concerns regarding protections for worker rights, violence against Colombian labor union members, and the prosecution of those who commit such violence. Under the Action Plan, Colombia has:

    • passed legislation criminalizing interference in the exercise of labor rights;
    • secured legislation establishing a separate labor ministry;
    • advanced by over two years severe fines for maintaining employment, relationships that undermine worker rights,
    • launched the doubling of its labor inspectorate;
    • expanded and improved its protection programs for union members; and
    • begun reforming the Prosecutor General’s procedures to more effectively prosecute cases of unionist homicides.

    Commitments to Protect the Environment: Both parties also commit to effectively enforce their own domestic environmental laws and adopt, maintain and implement laws, regulations, and all other measures to fulfill obligations under covered multilateral environmental agreements. Environmental obligations are subject to the same dispute settlement and enforcement mechanisms as commercial obligations.

    Cash RegisterFair and Open Government Procurement: U.S. suppliers are granted rights to non-discriminatory treatment in bidding on procurement opportunities offered by a broad range of Colombian government ministries, agencies, public enterprises, and regional governments. The Agreement requires the use of fair and transparent procurement procedures, such as advance notice of purchases and timely and effective bid review procedures.

    A Level Playing Field for U.S. Investors: U.S. companies in Colombia are protected against discriminatory or unlawful treatment, and the Agreement provides a neutral and transparent mechanism for settlement of investment disputes.

    Manufacturing PlantMore Manufacturing Exports to Colombia: The U.S.-Colombia TPA creates new opportunities for U.S. manufacturers seeking to export to Colombia, giving American manufacturers more market access in two ways: (1) by eliminating tariffs, or duties, charged when U.S. exports enter Colombia, and (2) by laying out a framework to address other barriers to U.S. exports – including those that may arise in the future.

    Increased Textile Access for U.S. Apparel: Colombia is an important market for U.S. textiles and apparel. The U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement opens new market access opportunities for U.S. textiles and apparel manufacturers and strengthens customs enforcement mechanisms to verify claims of origin and deny illegal customs circumvention. Qualifying U.S. textile and apparel exports to Colombia would receive duty-free treatment immediately upon implementation of the Agreement.

    Made in USA StampSmall Business Exporters: Thousands of small businesses across the United States export goods to Colombia. In 2009, U.S. small and medium enterprises (SMEs) exported $3.1 billion in merchandise to Colombia. This represented 34.4 percent of U.S. merchandise exports to Colombia -- above the 32.8 percent SME share of U.S. exports to the world. Of the 13,177 U.S. firms that exported to Colombia in 2008, 11,562 or 87.7 percent, were small and medium businesses.

    Telecommunications: In an increasingly dynamic environment, U.S. telecommunications operators continue to look for opportunities to extend the reach of their global networks in order to deliver the advanced telecommunications their customers demand. The U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement provides a new opportunity for U.S. operators to gain the legal certainty necessary to either make significant investments abroad or tap into existing telecommunications infrastructure to better expand their businesses.

    Average Colombia Tariffs on U.S. Industrial Exports: Before and After Full Implementation of the Agreement

    Industrial Exports SectorBefore ImplementationAfter Full Implementation
    Metals and Ores9.2%0%
    Infrastructure and Machinery11.1%0%
    Transportation Equipment12.7%0%
    Autos and Auto Parts7.4%0%
    Building Products13.2%0%
    Paper and Paper Products12.5%0%
    Consumer Goods14.6%0%